UPSC Syllabus 2023: Prelims and Mains Exam Syllabus PDF Download

UPSC Syllabus 2023 | Applicant can Download the PDF of UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains Exam at the Official Website

Union Public Service Commission is going to hold Civil Service Examination, 2023 very soon. Jobs are available for various vacant posts. Without preparation, you will not be able to crack the examination. To crack any examination, you need to know the exam pattern & syllabus as well. In this article, we are going to provide you with a complete exam pattern & syllabus. You may cumulate the syllabus and start your exam preparation.

UPSC Syllabus- UPSC Exam

UPSC holds various examinations every year to appoint eligible candidates at the right place across the country in various departments. In this article, we are here with the information related to the UPSC Syllabus for Civil Service Examination to get a job in various Grade-A posts in the government sector. As per the information released by the Union Public Service Commission in the year 2023 the examination is going to be held in May and September 2023. You may accumulate more detailed information from a further section of this article.

UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus- Overview

Name of the organizationUnion Public Service Commission
ExamCivil Services Examination
Article aboutExam Syllabus
Hiring procedureExam & interview
CategoryGovt. job
Job locationAcross India
Mode of applicationOnline

UPSC Calendar

UPSC Syllabus- UPSC Significant Dates

Notification Release DateFebruary 01, 2023
Prelims Applications startsFebruary 02, 2023
Prelims Applications endsFebruary 21, 2023
Prelims Admit CardMay 2023
Preliminary ExamMay 28, 2023
Mains Admit CardSeptember 2023
Mains ExaminationSeptember 15, 2023
Final Result AnnouncedJanuary 2024

UPSC Exam Pattern

Preliminary Exam
The examination comprises two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each. Questions will be of Multiple-Choice type.
Main exam- Qualifying Papers
Paper AOne of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate300 Marks
Paper BEnglish300 Marks
Main exam- Papers to be counted for merit
Papers IEssay250 marks
Papers IIGeneral Studies‐I250 marks
Papers IIIGeneral Studies ‐II250 marks
Papers IVGeneral Studies ‐III250 marks
Papers VGeneral Studies ‐IV250 marks
Papers VIOptional Subject ‐ Paper 1250 marks
Papers VIIOptional Subject ‐ Paper 2250 marks

UPSC Civil Services Exam

UPSC Syllabus List of Optional Subjects

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and English

SSC Recruitment

UPSC Syllabus Exam

Preliminary Examination
Paper IPaper II
General ScienceComprehension
Current events of national and international importanceGeneral mental ability
Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Indian Polity and Governance- Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc. — Class X level) 
General issues on Environment, Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change (these topics do not require subject specialization)Data interpretation (Charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. — Class X level)
Economic and Social Development- Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.Decision-making and problem-solving
History of India and the Indian National MovementInterpersonal skills including communication skills
Main Examination
General Studies IGeneral Studies IIGeneral Studies IIIGeneral Studies IV
Indian culture covers the salient features of Literature, Art Forms, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structureIndian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.Ethics and Human Interface- Essence, determinants, and consequences of ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships
Modern Indian history includes significant events, personalities, and issues from the middle of the eighteenth century until the presentFunctions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges about the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels, and challenges thereinDevelopment, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management.Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators; the role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values
Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countriesGovernment Budgeting.Attitude- content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the countrySeparation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutionsInclusive growth and issues arising from it.Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker-sections
History of the world includes events, forms, and effects on society from the 18th century like world wars, the industrial revolution, colonization, redrawing of national boundaries, decolonization, and political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of theseMajor crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmersEmotional intelligence concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance
Salient aspects of Diversity of India and Indian Society Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional BodiesEconomics of animal-rearing.Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world
Role of women and women’s organizations, population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and remediesStructure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the PolityFood processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration- Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularismSalient features of the Representation of People’s ActIssues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missionsProbity in Governance- Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information; sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including IndiaGovernment policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementationLand reforms in India.
Effects of globalization on Indian societyStatutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodiesEffects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and flora and fauna and the effects of such changesWelfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sectionsInfrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
Salient features of the world’s physical geography.Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholdersInvestment models.
 Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human ResourcesScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science and technology;
Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measuresIndigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Issues relating to poverty and hungerConservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Role of civil services in a democracyAwareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Bilateral, regional, and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interestsDisaster and disaster management.
India and its neighborhood- relationsRole of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Important International institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure, mandateLinkages between development and spread of extremism.
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diasporaChallenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

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